Covering a surface area of more than 324 sq. km, the Franklin Delano Roosevelt Lake is the largest lake and reservoir by surface area in the US State of Washington. Lake Roosevelt is a reservoir on the Columbia River and was created by the Grand Coulee Dam, built by the United States government between 1933 and 1942. At present, the Franklin Delano Roosevelt Lake serves as a popular recreation spot for visitors from all over the country and worldwide. As to its magical geology, scientists still raise interrogation marks nowadays as discoveries are made every year. This is because the dynamics of the surrounding landscape continue to change: wind and water alter the land’s surface over time, as does human activity.
Geography And Climate Of Franklin D. Roosevelt Lake
The Franklin D. Roosevelt Lake stretches for over 240km from the Grand Coulee Dam to the US-Canada International Boundary. This reservoir has a shoreline of 970km in length and has a total capacity of 12 cubic kilometers with 6 cubic kilometers for flood control. The Franklin D. Roosevelt Lake also supports the Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area. According to the hydropower and flood control operations, the maximum elevation of the lake is 1,290 feet above sea level, and the minimum is 1,208 feet. The lake’s water level fluctuates with changing weather conditions; it can rise as much as 25 feet (7.6 m) during heavy rainfall and fall by up to 10 feet (3.0 m) during dry periods. In winters with average snowfall, the lake reaches its maximum depth in January or February, remains full through spring runoff in April and May, then begins to drop as irrigation season ends in mid-June. The Franklin D. Roosevelt Lake receives its major inflows from the Columbia River, San Poil River, and Spokane River. The lake supplies water to the Grand Coulee Dam.
History Of Franklin D. Roosevelt Lake
The unpredictable floods and droughts of the Columbia River led to the idea of building the dam. The primary purpose of creating the Grand Coulee Dam was to control floods and deficiencies and for agriculture. It was intended to help irrigate farmland used to grow wheat and other crops during World War II. Over 200,000 people were employed during its construction period, many of who were unemployed at the time due to economic depression. The dam immediately impacted the tourism, fishing, and hunting industries, attracting thousands of tourists yearly.
Flora And Fauna Of Franklin D. Roosevelt Lake
The lake has been stocked with more than 30 species of fish intended to improve recreational fishing opportunities in the area, including walleye, smallmouth bass, and northern pike. Canadian Geese, snow geese, grebes, songbirds, Sonoran mud turtles, ten species of amphibians, and about 15 species of reptiles live in the lake. In the area, one can also find more than 75 species of mammals, including deer, bears, foxes, javelina, bobcats, and mountain lions. At the south of the lake, the summer is dry and hot, so plant life consists mainly of shrub-steppe species such as sagebrush and bitterbrush. In contrast, the north is characterized by ponderosa pines and Douglas-fir forests.
Recreation In Franklin D. Roosevelt Lake
In 2000, the estimated number of visitors to Franklin D. Roosevelt Lake was 1,600,000, which kept growing over the years. Tourism in this area is vital for the economy. The lake boasts over 1,100 miles of water trails that can be accessed by boat or kayak. Tourists can also enjoy boating on Lake Roosevelt and hiking trails near its shores. Despite pollution concerns in the lake, numerous other activities are still available such as water-skiing, jet-skiing, swimming, fishing, and camping. Tourists are invited to grab their sleeping bags and spend the night at the shore of the lake as they seize the sunny days to explore the area’s magnificent sceneries. The best campsites include Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area and Colville National Forest near Spokane. If one is confused about whether to go to the museum for a history lesson, spend a lovely sunny day at the beach, or take a peaceful walk in another level place on Earth, Franklin D. Roosevelt Lake is the vast spot that embraces them all .